Home Syllabus Fundamentals of Electrical and Electronics

Fundamentals of Electrical and Electronics


ourse Objectives:

After completion of this course students will be able to:
    1. Analyze electric circuits
    2. Gain familiarity with semiconductor devices
    3. Introduction of semiconductor logic

Course Contents:

Unit I: Electric Circuit Elements ——————————————— 2 Hours
    1. Resistors
    2. Inductors
    3. Capacitors
    4. Voltage
    5. Current Sources
Unit II: DC Circuits ————————————————————- 7 Hours
    1. Ohm’s Law
    2. Series and parallel circuits
    3. Power and energy
    4. Kirchhoffs voltage and current laws
    5. Loop and nodal equations Maximum power transfer theorem
    6. Thevenin’s
    7. Norton’s equivalent circuits
Unit III: Single-Phase AC circuits ——————————————- 7 Hours
    1. Sinusoidal waveform
    2. Resistors
    3. Inductors and capacitors with sinusoidal excitation
    4. Phasor representation of AC quantities
    5. Concept of complex impedance and admittance
    6. Average and effective values of voltages and currents
    7. Power in AC:
      1. Instantaneous power
      2. Average power
      3. Real power
      4. Apparent power
      5. Power factor
Unit IV: Semi-conducting Materials —————————————– 5 Hours
    1. Energy band structures of conductors
    2. Insulators and semiconductors
    3. Fermi level and energy gap
    4. Conduction principle in semiconductors, electrons and holes, Donor and acceptor impurities n-and p-type semiconductors
Unit V: The P-n Junction diode ———————————————- 7 Hours
    1. Formation of space-charge region in p-n junction
    2. Energy band structure and barrier potential
    3. The p-n junction under forward bias and reverse bias
    4. Characteristic curve, diode load line
    5. Application of diode (logic gates: AND, OR, NOT and rectifiers: half and full wave)
    6. Zener diode, characteristics and applications
Unit VI: Bipolar Junction Transistor ————————————— 7 Hours 
    1. Transistor types:
      1. pnp and npn transistors
      2. Principle of operation and parameter
      3. Their relationships.
    2. Transistor configurations:
      1. Common base
      2. Common emitter
      3. Common collector
      4. Amplification
      5. Input and output impedance
      6. Biasing
      7. Dc and Ac load lines
      8. Operating point
      9. Application of BJT (Resistor Transistor logic gates: AND, OR)
Unit VII: Junction Field-Effect Transistor ——————————— 4 Hours
    1. Construction
    2. Types and principle of operation
    3. JEET quadratic characteristics
    4. Biasing and load line
Unit VII: Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor ——– 4 Hours
    1. Construction
    2. n-MOS and p-MOS
    3. Principle of operation
    4. Depletion and Enhancement type MOSFETs
    5. Quadratic characteristics
Unit VIII: The Operational Amplifier ————————————– 5 Hours 
    1. The ideal operational amplifier and its characteristics
    2. Inverting and non-inverting amplifiers
    3. Summing amplifier
    4. Integrating and differentiating ampliflers


    1. Verification of Kirchhoffs voltage and current laws
    2. Verification of maximum power transfer theorem
    3. Measurement of active, reactive and apparent powers in a single-phase ac circuit
    4. Characteristics of different diodes: silicon diode, germanium diode, zener diode
    5. To verify Logic gates using diodes and resistors.
    6. To rectify ac signals using one and two diodes.
    7. Input and output characteristics of a common – emitter transistor
    8. Output and transfer characteristics of a common-source JFET
    9. Output and transfer characteristic of a common-source MOSFET
    10. Inverting and non-inverting operational amplifier circuits

Reference Books:

    1. Sedra and Smith: Microelectronic Circuits
    2. Shaum Series: Electronic Circuit
    3. BL Thereja: A Textbook of Electrical Technology Vol- I
    4. J. B. Gupta: Electronic Device and Circuits


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